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First 3D renderings of JunoCam information present frosted cake clouds on Jupiter

The sunshine depth information seen by the digicam might be plotted as a 3D elevation panorama. That is computer-animated footage exhibiting a flight over such terrain to amass processed, red-filtered picture information collected by NASA’s Juno spacecraft’s JunoCam wide-angle seen gentle imager on the forty third flyby of Jupiter. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald Eichstädt

Animations of the relative heights of Jupiter’s cloud tops reveal delicately textured swirls and peaks harking back to frosting on a cake. The outcomes have been offered right this moment by citizen scientist {and professional} mathematician and software program developer Gerald Eichstädt on the 2022 Europlanet Science Congress (EPSC) in Granada.

The animation makes use of information from JunoCam, a visual gentle digicam on NASA’s Juno spacecraft, which has been orbiting Jupiter since 2016. It was initially launched to extend public involvement within the examine of Jupiter and its moons. It’s a world staff of citizen scientists. in collaboration with skilled astronomers and the Juno staff have proven that JunoCam may present precious science.







The sunshine depth information seen by the digicam might be plotted as a 3D elevation panorama. This pc animation reveals a flight over such a panorama to amass processed, red-filtered picture information collected by JunoCam, a wide-angle seen gentle imager on NASA’s Juno spacecraft, throughout its forty third shut flyby of Jupiter. The picture underlying this flyby was taken at a nominal altitude of 13,536.3 km above Jupiter’s cloud tops. Basically, brighter clouds correlate with their larger altitude, particularly when noticed within the 890 nm methane absorption band. However there are exceptions, largely brought on by cloud coloration and albedo. Juno scientists are engaged on a calibration that turns these brightness landscapes into bodily cloud-top top fashions. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald

“The Juno mission offers us the chance to look at Jupiter in a method that’s primarily inaccessible with ground-based telescope observations. We will take a look at the identical cloud components from very completely different angles in only a few minutes,” stated Dr. Eichstätd. “This has opened up a brand new strategy to derive 3D top fashions of Jupiter’s cloud tops. Photos of Jupiter’s fantastic chaotic storms appear to come back to life, exhibiting clouds rising at completely different heights.”

By utilizing the other ways during which daylight is mirrored and scattered by clouds, the staff has been capable of precisely decide the peak of the noticed cloud tops. Daylight is most intense in clouds within the higher environment. Deeper within the environment, extra gentle is absorbed – particularly from methane – earlier than clouds scatter it again to the digicam.

Understanding the relative top of the sharp columns contained in the eddies will assist scientists reveal the weather that make them up in additional element.

First 3D renderings of JunoCam data show frosted cake clouds on Jupiter

The sunshine depth information seen by the digicam might be plotted as a 3D elevation panorama. That is computer-animated footage exhibiting a flight over such terrain to amass processed, red-filtered picture information collected by NASA’s Juno spacecraft’s JunoCam wide-angle seen gentle imager on the forty third flyby of Jupiter. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald Eichstädt

“Primarily based on theoretical fashions, the clouds are anticipated to be composed of various chemical substances, ammonia, ammonium hydrogen sulphide and, from high to backside, water ice,” Dr Eichstädt added. “As soon as we calibrate our information because of different measurements on the identical cloud tops, we are going to check and refine the theoretical predictions and get a greater 3D image of the chemical composition.”


Jupiter’s clouds rise above the encircling environment


Extra info:
Eichstädt, G., Orton, G. and Hansen-Koharcheck, C.: Lengthy-Baseline Observations with JunoCam, Europlanet Science Congress 2022, Granada, Spain, 18-23 September 2022, EPSC2022-1124, 2022. meetingorganizer.copernicus. or … 2/EPSC2022-1124.html

Provided by Europlanet

Quote: First 3D renderings of JunoCam information reveal frosted cupcake clouds on Jupiter (2022 September 21) Retrieved September 21, 2022 at https://phys.org/information/2022-09-3d-junocam-reveal-frosted-cupcake. html

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